Shapley Research Associates - Specializing in educational research, evaluation, and policy studies


Selected Publications

Kelly Shapley and Shapley Research Associates have authored a number of evaluation reports, conference papers, and articles, and have developed other products. The selected sample below represents a range of topics, methodological approaches, and formats.

Please click on titles to review.

Evaluation Reports

Evaluation of the Texas Technology Immersion Pilot: Final Outcomes
This report provides final results for a four-year, quasi-experimental study of the Technology Immersion model (1:1 laptop access plus supporting resources). The study involved comparisons between 21 treatment and 21 control schools, and used hierarchical linear growth models to examine differences between groups on measures of teaching, learning, and academic achievement.

Evaluation of the Texas Technology Immersion Pilot: Traits of Higher Implementing Schools and Teachers
This study compares the traits of higher/lower Technology Immersion schools and higher/lower Classroom Immersion teachers. The study employed a mixed-methods approach with a combination of qualitative and quantitative data analyses.

Texas Study of Students at Risk: Efficacy of Grants Supporting Academic Success
This report examines the effectiveness of three state-level programs with the common goal of helping students at risk of academic failure. Researchers analyzed district- and student-level program and outcome data, and used hierarchical linear models to examine associations between program elements and outcomes.

Texas Study of Students at Risk: Case Studies of Initiatives Supporting Ninth Graders’ Success
This report presents cross-site findings from case studies of Ninth Grade Success Initiative projects and the high school contexts in which they operated. The synthesis incorporates findings from document reviews, interviews, focus groups, surveys, and performance reports.


Conference Papers

Integrating Technology into Teacher Education: Navigating the Complexity of Institutional Change
This paper explains how Texas Woman’s University used federal grant funds to build faculty capacity and infuse technology into the teacher preparation program. The study gauged changes in technology proficiency, implementation concerns (Concerns-Based Adoption Model), technology use, and usefulness of experiences from the viewpoints of preservice teachers and faculty members.

Texas Open-Enrollment Charter Schools: Linking Conditions and Practices to Student Achievement
This paper describes a study that examined the characteristics and academic performance of Texas charter schools operating during the 1999-2000 school year. Additionally, a qualitative content analysis of charter applications was used to compare the characteristics of a sub-set of schools identified as either academically “successful” or “struggling.”

Characterizing Reading and Language Arts Instruction in Title I Schoolwide Programs
This paper compares the instructional and learning characteristics of reading/language arts classes in Title I schoolwide programs (regular and Success for All) and instruction in two pullout components (Reading Recoveryand Literacy Groups). Trained observers used descriptive and time-interval ratings to document teacher activities, student activities, intellectual rigor, and material/equipment usage.

Metacognition, Motivation, and Learning: A Study of Middle School Students’ Use and Development of Self-Regulated Learning Strategies
This paper describes a quasi-experimental study that assed the effects of participation in a strategic thinking class on sixth graders’ use of self-regulated learning strategies. Data came from structured interviews with individual students (Self-Regulated Learning Interview Schedule). Factorial multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to examine group (treatment and control) and achievement group (high, medium, and low) differences for measures of self-regulation.



Developing a Valid and Reliable Portfolio Assessment in the Primary Grades
This article describes a reading/language arts portfolio that was developed for use as an optional assessment in the Dallas Public Schools’ Title I program (for prekindergarten to second-grade students). Analyses examined the reliability of portfolio scores and the extent to which portfolio contents provided a valid sample of student work.

Effectiveness of Mentor Training of Elementary Colleague Teachers
This article examines the effect of teacher participation in mentor/colleague professional development workshops designed to promote hands-on science investigations. Pre- and post-workshop measures examined the effect of mentors’ training on colleagues’ science beliefs, understanding, anxiety, and classroom time allocations.



Evaluation Toolkit: A Tool for Evaluating a School Technology Program
This toolkit describes the evaluation principles, instruments, and analyses employed in the scientific study of Technology Immersion. Components provide direction for Using Toolkit Resources, Defining Scientific Research in Education, and Scientifically Evaluating Educational Innovations.

Evaluation Toolkit: Instruments
Copies of instruments used in the study of Technology Immersion.



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